Gertrude B. Elion (1918 – 1999)
She graduated high school at the age of 15. She graduated from Hunter College in 1937 at the age of 19 with a bachelor’s in chemistry and from New York University in 1941 with a master of science. Her life goal was to work on a cure for cancer after losing her grandfather to the disease. She helped develop the first two successful drugs in the treatment of leukemia. She earned the Nobel Prize in Physiology of Medicine in 1988 for her discovery of important principles for drug treatment.