Martin Luther King, Jr. (1929 – 1968)
Martin Luther King, Jr. (1929-1968). Martin enrolled at Morehouse College in Atlanta at the age of 15. He graduated with a B.A. in sociology at 19, studied theology in Pennsylvania and Massachusetts, and earned his Ph.D. from Boston University. Dr. King returned to the segregated south in 1954, preaching at Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama.
Over the next decade, Dr. King became the most prominent leader of the Civil Rights Movement: organizer of the Montgomery Bus Boycott, founder of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, opponent of racial discrimination who was jailed for his non-violent protests, and orator of the famed “I Have a Dream Speech.” In 1964, Dr. King became the youngest person ever to win the Nobel Peace Prize. He was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee, on April 4th, 1968. The federal holiday “Martin Luther King Day” was first observed in 1986.